The Prevention and Prohibition of Torture, Cruel or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.

WHAT IS TORTURE??
In Part one (01) we said;
Section 2 of The Prevention and Prohibition of Torture Act, 2012 defines torture to mean;
“an act or omission by which severe pain or suffering whether PHYSICAL or MENTAL, is INTENTIONALLY inflicted on a person by or at instigation or consent of a Public official…. or a person acting in a private capacity for purposes of OBTAINING INFORMATION OR A CONFESSION…., AS A PUNISHMENT for acts a person has committed or suspected of having committed or planning to commit or as AN INTIMIDATION OR COERCION to that person to do or refrain from doing a thing”
From the definition above, it’s clear that torture involves both great PHYSICAL or MENTAL suffering, so we shall look at forms of torture in the two perspectives, ie, Mental and Physical.
1) PHYSICAL;
a) Beating a person with a sharp object eg knife, panga, gun butt etc
b) Refusing to give food or forcing someone to eat spoilt food, animal or human wastes (feaces).
c) Using electric shocks
d) Burning a person with cigarettes, electrically heated metal, hot oil, acid among others.
e) Dipping the person’s head in water or in feaces, urine, vomit or blood.
f) Trying or forcing a person to stay in the same position for a long time.
g) Raping or sexually abuse somebody.
h) Cutting off parts of the body, e.g sexual organs, ear, tongue etc.
i) Removing the teeth by force (e.g by hammer screws etc)
j) Placing a person in too much sunlight or cold.
k) Using drugs to make a person confess or to reduce his or her ability to think or reason (e.g applying chloroform on a victim, drugs like marijuana etc), this also involves using such drugs to cause great pain or diseases.
NB. (k) is defined as pharmacological torture under the 2nd schedule to the PPTA, 2012.
2) MENTAL;
a) Covering someone’s eye so that he or she may not see what is happening.
b) Threatening to harm, hurt or kill the victim or his or her family.
c) Keeping someone in a prison cell alone (solitary confinement) or in a cell located in a public place, where passersby do mock him or her.
d) Asking the victim questions over a long period of time, to spoil his or her normal sleep or rest.
e) Mistreating a member of the victims’ family.
f) Forcing the victim to witness torture of family member.
g) Causing shame by stripping the victim naked, parading in a public place, shaving the head publicly, bathing a person publicly etc.
h) THE LIST IS ENDLESS…
NOTE: All such acts are done with malice aforethought to punish or get/extract inform from the victim of torture.
Next we unveil the possible remedies, WHERE AND HOW DO YOU COMPLAIN

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